History of Microbiology
Micriobiological organisms have been postulated for many many centuries before an acute understanding of their presence was developed in the 17th century. It was sometimes believed that 'microbes' transmitted through the air and the water were responsible for the fits of disease present within the community. This however, was not a widly held belief.
Bacteria and other microorganisms were first discovered my a Mr.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
who used a single lensed microscope of his own design. Although several prominent figures came later, Van Leewenhoek is often credited as the pioneering grandfather of the modern field of microbiology. Among these later discoverers were Robert Hooke, who in 1665, made the first recorded microbiological observation concerning the modling bodies of fruit. Also was Ehrenberg, who in 1828, coined the term 'bacterium', referring to the smal, stick like figure of many of the bacterial subjects of focus during that time period.
Antoine Van Leewenhoek
The microbiological field of bacteriology is considered to have been founded by a Mr. Ferdinand Cohn, a studious gentleman who developed the first known taxiconomic classification of bacteria. Louis Pasteur is another famous individual in the field, considerd, along with Cohn, to have been a primary foundary of medical microbiology. Louis Pasteur, best known acedemically for his widely held theory of spontaneous generation single handedly solidified microbiology as a natural science.Others such as Beijerinck and Winogradsky opened up the field of general microbiology, diversifying its overal cover to grasp such topics as physiology, ecology, virology
and so on.
A complete understanding of life will include all known topics included within its relative grasp. Microbiology itself has expanded to include such incredible fields as pharmaceutical microbiology, veterinary microbology, genetics, bacteriology, virology
and many, MANY other varying fields.